The thyroid gland is located in front of the neck. It produces two important hormones – thyroxine and threeiodothyronin, affecting a large part of the processes in the human body, including metabolism, body temperature and heart rate, as well as normal growth and development in children. Problems occur when the thyroid gland becomes over-active or under-active. Such disorders can occur as a result of genetic predisposition, pregnancy, stress, autoimmune diseases, poor nutrition and toxins from the environment to which we are daily exposed.
If disorders of the thyroid are not treated promptly, can result in an increase of fat in the blood and increase the risk of heart attack or stroke. If the hormones of this gland drop to extreme, it may come to coma.
The reduced secretion of hormones of the thyroid gland – hypothyroidism can cause symptoms such as menstrual cycle changes, dry skin and brittle nails, a feeling of numbness in the hands and fingers, and constipation. Hyperthyroidism, or increased secretion of hormones also cause changes in the menstrual cycle, but they are usually accompanied by other symptoms such as vision problems, feeling of muscle weakness, trembling hands and diarrhea. Hypothyroidism occurs more frequently than hyperthyroidism.
Problems with the thyroid gland are very common in infants, children in development and women, particularly in the period after the 40th year. If this problem isn’t recognized in a timely manner, can cause serious health disorders.
Symptoms suggestive of disorders of thyroid function
Experts from Biotech Laboratory recommend checking thyroid gland in the following cases:
– Sudden changes in body weight
– Swelling in the neck
– Changes in pulse
– Changes in mood and energy
– Hair Loss
– Changes in body temperature
– In the case of infertility in women
– In newborns, because impaired thyroid work may cause retardation
– In children with impaired growth and development
– If you are already being treated for thyroid disease and are treated with antithyroid drugs or synthetic thyroxine (T4)
– If you are on any medications which can cause changes in thyroid function
– If you have non thyroidal autoimmune disease
– If you have more than 40 years
– If you suffer from insomnia or anxiety
– In skin changes
– In fat and elevated liver enzymes
– Preventive control of thyroid cancer
Because of the risks that the disorders of the thyroid gland bear, it is important that they are detected as soon as possible, with more sophisticated equipment and reagents.
How to check the status of the thyroid gland?
Thyroid function fastest and most accurate is checked through blood tests on three main parameters: TSH, FT4 and FT3.
TSH – Tireostimulator hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete hormones triod thyronine and thyroxine (T3 and T4). Its secretion in the blood depends on the concentration of these hormones and points directly to the thyroid minutes.
FT4 and FT3 – thyroid hormones that occur in free form and represent their active form.